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Detailed explanation of "Japan's specific skills No. 1 visa advantage"

(Summary description)

Detailed explanation of "Japan's specific skills No. 1 visa advantage"

(Summary description)

  • Categories:Skill function
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  • Time of issue:2020-07-16 10:04
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Japan’s specific skills system has been implemented since April 2019, mainly including: the continuous decline of the Japanese labor force population, leading to an increasingly obvious shortage of labor; and many of the current “skill internship training systems” that the international community calls “labor squeeze”. Disadvantages. In order to make up for the shortcomings of the "technical internship training system" and at the same time solve the problem of the shortage of labor force in Japan, the Japanese government launched the "specific skills system". So what are the obvious advantages of the "specific skill system" compared to the current "technical practice training system"? In this article, the editor will use the "contract method between laborers and enterprises", "the possibility of changing employers and industries during work", "the possibility of entering a Japanese school during work", and "the application for permanent residency" "Possibility" and other four aspects, comparing "technical internship training" with "specific skills". The chapters in this article include:


The delivery form of "specific skills" no longer depends on the intermediary organization "specific skills". During employment, you can freely change the employment company and type of business. "Specific skills" can apply for "resident status" to change into Japanese schools to study "specific skills". The laborers opened the door to permanent residence


   The form of sending out "specific skills" no longer depends on intermediaries


   The "specific skills system" allows employees to sign employment contracts directly with employers. For some workers who have considerable language and professional skills, it is almost equivalent to saying goodbye to the era of the "skills internship training system" that must rely on intermediaries to introduce work.

According to the regulations of the Ministry of Justice of Japan, under the "Technical Internship Training System", overseas workers must go through overseas "sending organizations" (intermediaries) in order to establish contact with Japan's "labor union". After arriving in Japan, the technical intern trainees received the "labor combination" training, and then sent to the corresponding club to work. Moreover, in the whole process, workers (technical intern trainees) do not have any opportunity to choose to hire companies themselves, instead they are sold like commodities.

"Specific skills" completely broke this form from the system. In principle, those who work can directly sign labor contracts with enterprises without going through intermediaries. The "Labor Combination" in the "Technical Internship Training System" has also been replaced by the "Support Organization" to become an organization that provides logistics support services only for the "Specific Skill No. 1" visa holders and cannot provide "Specific Skill No. 1" Any fees are charged for workers. Such a change greatly protects the interests of the workers.


  For more information about "support organizations", please refer to the related articles listed at the end of this article.


   "Specific skills" can be freely changed during employment


The "Specific Skills System" allows workers of "Specific Skill No. 1" not only to fully own the right to choose early-stage employment companies, but also allows workers to freely change their employers during their work while holding a "Specific Skill No. 1" visa. .


According to the regulations of the Ministry of Justice on the "Technical Internship Training System", once the technical intern trainee is determined by the "labor combination" to work for the club, then the entire technical internship period (one or three years), it is impossible to change the club at will . In the quoted article "", NHK TV station interviewed technical intern trainees, the interviewer mentioned: It feels like a bet. If you are lucky enough to meet a good club, you will be able to make money working and living in Japan more smoothly; if you are unlucky, if you encounter a not-so-good club, you will have to do your best (for reimbursement of agency fees) or you will give up ( Run black). However, once run black, they entered a high-risk lifestyle and lost all their protection.

The "Specific Skills System" allows "Special Skill No. 1" visa holders to change employment companies at any time while working in Japan. In addition, workers are also allowed to hold "specific skills No. 1" visas for multiple industries (need to take the specific skills exam for the corresponding industry). In this way, within a total of 5 years, workers can achieve arbitrary conversion across enterprises and industries. For example, a worker who works in a hotel with the "Special Skill No. 1" visa for the lodging industry can apply for a "Special Skill No. 1" visa for the food service industry and work in a restaurant after obtaining a certificate of skill test for the food service industry.


   "Special Skills" can apply for a change of "residence of residence" while studying in Japan

The "Specific Skills System" gives workers of "Specific Skill No. 1" the right to change their residency arbitrarily, which means that holders of "Specific Skill No. 1" visas who are already at work have the opportunity to enter Japanese schools. .


Little Dolphin repeatedly mentioned in the previous article that because the purpose of the "technical internship training system" is to export Japan’s excellent technology to developing countries, technical intern trainees must return to their Send abroad (motherland). Therefore, in principle, the Japanese government prohibits any technical intern trainee from changing the "resident status" during the technical internship to obtain a new visa.


  However, because the purpose of the "specific skill system" is to solve the problem of insufficient labor force in Japan, the rule of "residence status" cannot be changed in the "specific skill system". Workers can even apply for a “study abroad” visa while working on “Special Skill No. 1” to enter a local school in Japan. This shift is crucial. why? Don’t forget that no matter how good the “Special Skill No. 1” visa is, workers can only work in Japan for up to 5 years. On the other hand, if you can graduate from a Japanese school (university, specialized school, etc.) as an international student and successfully work in Japan, you can get a general work visa (for example, the most common "technical humanities" visa). Such a work visa can not only be renewed indefinitely, but also has the qualification to apply for permanent residence.


  For details on applying for the change of "residence status" during the "specific skills" period of employment, please refer to the relevant articles listed at the end of this article.


   "Special Skills" opens the door to permanent employment for the workers


  Under the "specific skill system", some industries of "specific skill No. 1" can be changed to "specific skill No. 2" after corresponding examinations. According to the relevant regulations of the Ministry of Justice of Japan, "Special Skill No. 2" is eligible to apply for permanent residence. Since the "Special Skill No. 1" visa does not require any qualifications for applicants, this undoubtedly opens the door for foreign workers with low academic qualifications to apply for permanent residence.


   "Technical Intern Training System" Due to the problem of the original intention, the Japanese government has not granted the right to apply for permanent residence for technical trainees. In addition, after the expiry of the skill training, the trainee must return to the sending country (mother country), and cannot return to Japan for any reason in the short term (at least 1 year).


  It should be noted that in the "specific skill system", not all industries can be changed from "specific skill number 1" to "specific skill number 2". Among the 14 "specific skills No. 1" industries that have been disclosed, currently only the "splicing skills" of the "shipbuilding industry" and the 11 skills of the "construction industry" can be changed to "specific skills No. 2". For industries that cannot be changed to "Specific Skill No. 2" in "Specific Skill No. 1" for the time being, you can take the "Specific Skill", "Study Abroad", and "Technical Humanities" methods recommended by Little Dolphin in Chapter 3 of this article. The right to apply for a qualified work visa.

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